5 Types of Ventilation and All We Should Know About

The topic suggests that we’ll be talking about kinds of ventilation. First, consider these questions. What would you think of if there was a planet that was without fresh air? What could happen if you had to breathe in a smog that was contaminated? What a nightmare! Absolutely impossible! In reality, living things aren’t able to endure these conditions.

Humans consume around 12,000-plus liters of air for breathing each day. What’s the significance of ventilation in this? In the world in which we spend over 90 percent of our time in enclosed buildings the significance of ventilation is more apparent.

The first thing to ask is what is the function of the ventilation? How do we know if the ventilation is functioning properly? Should it not be, then how do we make it better? What are the different types of airflow in a structure?

Whatever the purpose or need whatever the application or requirement, you can discover all the details regarding the equipment for ventilation you require at AVSL. We’re here to help with any questions you have regarding ventilation at AVSL.

Are you in search of equipment and ventilation devices? At AVSL we offer an extensive selection of the range of ventilation products affordable rates. What equipment for ventilation are you seeking to purchase?

Let’s look at the following ideas.


Ventilation functions as the lung of the building. It’s the process of moving outside air inside the structure or room and spreading it around the space. This new air can dilute the polluted air in the interior as well as be replaced by the air that is contaminated. The principal purpose of air ventilation is to provide healthy air to breathe of those living in the area.

Control of indoor air quality in schools with an air vent system (Reference: ves.co.uk)

Every building’s ventilation system comprises three essential components:

The rate of ventilation The amount of outside air that is supplied to space as well as the air outside quality.

The rate of ventilation is influenced by the quality of air and quantity of air that is vented outside the space. Buildings must adhere to the standards for ventilation that are typically different for commercial and residential structures. The standard units used in conveying the rate of ventilation is cubic feet per second (CFM) and Liters per second (L/s) as well as cubic meters/hour (m 3/h). One liter per second is equal to 3.6 cubic meters/hour. Furthermore each CFM is about 1.7 millimeters 3./hr. It is possible to use these units interchangeably.

The direction of airflow The entire direction of airflow.

The name of the game suggests that the direction in which airflow occurs is where the air that is circulating inside the space. In the ideal world, it will flow from a clean space to a polluted area.

The pattern of airflow Airflow pattern is also known as air distribution.

It suggests that air needs to be circulated in a manner that it gets to every zone effectively and the resulting pollutants in the area must be eliminated effectively.

To place these components in perspective it is possible to assess the efficiency of a system for ventilation in four areas:

  • Does it meet the requirements regarding the rate of ventilation? Also is it able to provide a sufficient ventilation?
  • Does the flow direction change from a clean zone one that is dirty?
  • Does fresh air flow throughout the building as well as the room?
  • Does the ventilation system pump out the polluted air completely across the entire room?

There are other indicators that aid in assessing the performance of the system. We’ll discuss these in more detail. First, we’ll look at different kinds of systems for ventilation.


Five Types of Ventilation

5 types of ventilation include:

    1. Natural Ventilation
    2. Mechanical Ventilation
    3. Hybrid Ventilation
    4. Spot Ventilation
    5. Task Ambient Conditioning (TAC)

Types of Ventilation System

In this article we will see types of ventilation which can be classified into five kinds that include Mechanical, Natural, Spot, Hybrid, and Task-Ambient conditioning (TAC).

Whatever the purpose of your building or the place it is you must take into consideration the following five kinds of ventilation systems that you can install in your structure.

Find out further regarding How Wind Turbine Ventilators Can Help Your Home

Natural Ventilation

Traditional or natural ventilation systems rely on natural forces like thermal buoyancy and wind to circulate outdoor air through the openings of the building. Three factors are involved in bringing natural ventilation to function. These include climate, human behavior and the design of buildings.

Schematic view of a natural ventilation system as a type of ventilation (Reference: vesco.uk )

When designing an building, the designer must provide a variety of purpose-built openings, such as windows, doors wind towers, solar chimneys and others. If these openings function properly and are properly ventilated, it assists in reducing energy consumption by 20-25 percent.

When we speak of natural ventilation, people might consider opening the windows in the room. But, it’s much more complex than it appears. Certain areas whose pollution from the outside is greater than the contamination interior, natural ventilation might be working in a different way. It doesn’t just circulate the air in the room , but it will also cause pollution. Polluted air can get into the structure through the openings and expose us to health risks. Because there isn’t any control when using natural vents, these are replaced with mechanical ventilation often.

In addition, you will discover a variety that use natural airflow systems.


It’s sometimes referred to as stack vent. Because the temperatures between outdoor and indoor air is different, the air rises upwards. As we all know, the difference in temperature results in various density. The more humid the air is, the less density it is, and its buoyancy is higher, when compared to the cooler and this is why it causes.

There are openings in the building close to the roof and on the floor. If the air inside has an upper temperature than the air outside and the air inside that is warmer is able to rise and then exits through a higher openings. The colder air outside of the building is able to enter through the opening on the lower side. In the end, we’ve an air-conditioned space.


Ventilation driven by wind is much simpler. It’s also known as unilateral and cross-ventilation. This kind of airflow is dependent upon the way the wind moves and how it interacts with windows, chimneys, or other openings inside the structure.

Many people have misconceptions about vents driven by wind. People believe that opening windows will solve the problem of air circulation. Even if luck favors you to have the right breeze outdoors, air conditioners could drastically increase the cost of energy.

Mechanical Ventilation

Mechanical fans are responsible for mechanical ventilation. They can be mounted on walls or windows directly or in air ducts that bring air in or out of the room.

Mechanical ventilation in a building (Reference: thegreenage.co.uk )

The kind of mechanical ventilation that is used will depend on the climate. For instance when it is humid and hot conditions, it is essential to limit or stop intrusion, rather than interstitial compaction (which occurs when humid, hot air enters a wall, ceiling or floor inside a building that has cold surface encounters) can cause. In these situations the use of a positive pressure ventilation system is typically employed. However, in cold conditions, exfiltration must be avoided while negative pressure air ventilation must be employed to stop intermediate condensation. Negative pressure systems are commonly used for rooms that has local-produced pollutants like bathrooms, toilets, or kitchen.

In a system with positive pressure the room is in positive pressure. The air escapes through a hole within the envelope or through other openings. In a system with negative pressure the room is under negative pressure and the air in the room gets compensated for by “sucking” the air outside.

The balanced system of mechanical air ventilation is one that includes exhausts and sources of air are checked and adjusted according to the design specifications. Room pressure can be maintained at a slightly negative or positive pressure this is achieved by with an unbalanced air supply or exhaust rate. For instance, a slightly negative pressure inside a room can be reduced by the removal of 10 percent more air than the supply in cold weather , to limit the risk of condensation in the intermediate stage. For the room that is used to warn people about air, to combat infection, a minimum positive pressure 2.5 Pa is usually maintained in relation to the corridor.

Types of Mechanical Ventilation Systems

One kind of ventilation is mechanical that is classified as four kinds. Types of mechanical systems for ventilation are listed below:

Exhaust-Only Ventilation

In these kinds of ventilation systems, exhaust ventilation is a type from mechanical ventilation. They work by reducing pressure within the structure. It usually does not contain any particular component to draw air from outside inside the space. Fresh air enters the building via leaks within the structure of the building and helps to balance the pressure.

Exhaust ventilation systems are simple and cost-effective to install. The typical exhaust ventilation system has one fan that is linked to a centrally-located the home’s exhaust points. This means it will have low operating costs , too.

Exhaust-only systems work well in areas that are colder than warm areas, as in warmer regions the moisture can cause problems during the pressure reduction.

Supply-Only Ventilation

In these kinds of airflow, exhaust is a part of the mechanical venting. A supply vent makes use of fans to pressurize room air and push the outdoors airflow into the room. The air inside escapes outside through leaks in the walls or exhaust fan vents. The typical ventilation scheme comprises the duct system and a fan that allows fresh air to come in to the building. In some cases, they include the Central Fan Integrated (CFI) system. In this case, the operational and installation costs could be higher.

Supply ventilation systems have greater influence over air that is pumped into the home in comparison to exhaust ventilators. By allowing the house to be pressurized supply ventilation systems help reduce environmental pollutants that can enter the living area.

Balanced Ventilation

If supply-only systems and exhaust-only systems mix and are balanced, the system is created. In this case the airflow speed of the outdoor exhaust and indoor exhaust is about the same. In some instances, the balanced systems, the system uses the Energy Recovery Ventilator (ERV) and in addition to an Heat Recovery Ventilator (HRV). Balanced ventilation is a different type of ventilation.

Balanced ventilation (Reference: hometips.com )

When discussing the different the different types of ventilation, it is important to think about energy recovery in addition. Energy recovery ventilation is an efficient method of ventilation that minimizes the amount of energy wasted. It transfers heat from warm exhaust air to cold air supply. This way, the price of heating the air ventilated decreases significantly. In summer, the air inside that is colder absorbs heat from warmer air and then reduces the temperature, thus reducing the cooling cost.

Energy Recovery Ventilation Whole-House System (Reference: hvi.org)


Hybrid Ventilation

In the various forms that of venting, Hybrid (mixed mode) is dependent of natural drive forces in order to determine the flow rate you want (design the flow rate). If natural ventilation is low flowrate and mechanical ventilation is very important.

Hybrid (mixed-mode) ventilation (Reference: build.com.au )

If natural ventilation isn’t sufficient exhaust fans can be used to boost the amount of air circulating. They are tested thoroughly and require plan to function correctly.

A good example of mixed-mode is in rooms that house patients suffering from airborne infections. But, this type of mixed ventilator (mixed mode) is to be utilized with care. Fans should be placed in areas where the air of the room can discharge to the outside surrounding environment via the ceiling or wall. The quantity of targeted conditioned air determines the dimensions and the number of outlets that should be measured and tested prior to using.

One aspect that must be considered when considering kinds of air conditioning is the disadvantages of this system. Issues like installation issues (especially with large-sized fans) and noisy (exceptionally powerful fans) as well as rising or falling room temperatures, as well as the need for constant electric power are all related to the exhaust fan. If the ambient of the room is a source of disturbance to the peace and comfort of heating or cooling systems, ceiling fans can be added to provide ease of living.

Another option is to set up Whirlybirds (wind turbines) that don’t require electricity, and can be used as a roof exhaust system that improves the amount of airflow inside the building.

Spot Ventilation

Another form of air-conditioning is called spot. In order to increase the efficiency of mechanical and natural ventilation systems spot ventilation came into being. Also, it is better to call it spot ventilation is an auxiliary system. It involves the use of local exhaust fans that are the identical to those in kitchens or bathrooms. They eliminate humidity and air pollution at the source, and consequently, it increases the efficiency in the system of ventilation.

Task Ambient Conditioning (TAC)

Task Ambient Conditioning (TAC) is another type of air conditioning. The ideal temperature and the level of comfort are dependent on the person. Some complain of heat exhaustion, other may think that it’s cold. The conventional ventilation systems can’t accommodate one’s personal preferences. That’s why task-ambient conditioning comes in. The relatively recent technology controls airflow inside a room.

This is the way Task Ambient Conditioning functions. (Reference: ibec.or.jp)

In the various types that are used for ventilation, everyone is based on a specific method of operation. To show its principal the airflow is altered and the person’s feeling of comfort can change, regardless of central temperature. In the case of task ambient temperature the warm airflow can be blamed for the heating and the cold flow is responsible for cooling. Therefore the temperature average in hot locations could be increased over comfort zone and can help save energy by doing this. The people who are seeking cooling boost the flow of air, while those who like to stay cool reduce the flow of air or redirect it.


Types of Ventilation had given you an extensive idea about ventilation systems and what you should know. Now from these types of ventilation systems, your time to choose what you need. Thanks for reading and leave a comment if you feel we deserve one.